Scott Hanselman

Using dotnet watch test for continuous testing with .NET Core and XUnit.net

October 29, '16 Comments [21] Posted in Open Source
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When teaching .NET Core I do a lot of "dotnet new" Hello World demos to folks who've never seen it before. That has it's place, but I also wanted to show how easy it is to get setup with Unit Testing on .NET Core.

For this blog post I'm going to use the command line so you know there's nothing hidden, but you can also use Visual Studio or Visual Studio Code, of course. I'll start the command prompt then briefly move to Code.

Starting from an empty folder, I'll make a SomeApp folder and a SomeTests folder.

C:\example\someapp> dotnet new
C:\example\someapp> md ..\sometests && cd ..\sometests
C:\example\sometests> dotnet new -t xunittest

At this point I've got a HelloWorld app and a basic test but the two aren't related - They aren't attached and nothing real is being tested.

Tests are run with dotnet test, not dotnet run. Tests are libraries and don't have an entry point, so dotnet run isn't what you want.

c:\example>dotnet test SomeTests
Project SomeTests (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) was previously compiled. Skipping compilation.
xUnit.net .NET CLI test runner (64-bit win10-x64)
Discovering: SomeTests
Discovered: SomeTests
Starting: SomeTests
Finished: SomeTests
=== TEST EXECUTION SUMMARY ===
SomeTests Total: 1, Errors: 0, Failed: 0, Skipped: 0, Time: 0.197s
SUMMARY: Total: 1 targets, Passed: 1, Failed: 0.

I'll open my test project's project.json and add a reference to my other project.

{
"version": "1.0.0-*",
"buildOptions": {
"debugType": "portable"
},
"dependencies": {
"System.Runtime.Serialization.Primitives": "4.1.1",
"xunit": "2.1.0",
"dotnet-test-xunit": "1.0.0-rc2-*"
},
"testRunner": "xunit",
"frameworks": {
"netcoreapp1.0": {
"dependencies": {
"Microsoft.NETCore.App": {
"type": "platform",
"version": "1.0.1"
},
"SomeApp": "1.0.0-*"
},
"imports": [
"dotnet5.4",
"portable-net451+win8"
]
}
}
}

I'll make a little thing to test in my App.

public class Calc {
public int Add(int x, int y) => x + y;
}

And add some tests.

public class Tests
{
[Fact]
public void TwoAndTwoIsFour()
{
var c = new Calc();
Assert.Equal(4, c.Add(2, 2));
}

[Fact]
public void TwoAndThreeIsFive()
{
var c = new Calc();
Assert.Equal(4, c.Add(2, 3));
}
}

Because the Test app references the other app/library, I can just make changes and run "dotnet test" from the command line. It will build both dependencies and run the tests all at once.

Here's the full output inclding both build and test.

c:\example> dotnet test SomeTests
Project SomeApp (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) will be compiled because inputs were modified
Compiling SomeApp for .NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0

Compilation succeeded.
0 Warning(s)
0 Error(s)

Time elapsed 00:00:00.9814887
Project SomeTests (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) will be compiled because dependencies changed
Compiling SomeTests for .NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0

Compilation succeeded.
0 Warning(s)
0 Error(s)

Time elapsed 00:00:01.0266293


xUnit.net .NET CLI test runner (64-bit win10-x64)
Discovering: SomeTests
Discovered: SomeTests
Starting: SomeTests
Tests.Tests.TwoAndThreeIsFive [FAIL]
Assert.Equal() Failure
Expected: 4
Actual: 5
Stack Trace:
c:\Users\scott\Desktop\testtest\SomeTests\Tests.cs(20,0): at Tests.Tests.TwoAndThreeIsFive()
Finished: SomeTests
=== TEST EXECUTION SUMMARY ===
SomeTests Total: 2, Errors: 0, Failed: 1, Skipped: 0, Time: 0.177s
SUMMARY: Total: 1 targets, Passed: 0, Failed: 1.

Oops, I made a mistake. I'll fix that test and run "dotnet test" again.

c:\example> dotnet test SomeTests
xUnit.net .NET CLI test runner (64-bit .NET Core win10-x64)
Discovering: SomeTests
Discovered: SomeTests
Starting: SomeTests
Finished: SomeTests
=== TEST EXECUTION SUMMARY ===
SomeTests Total: 2, Errors: 0, Failed: 0, Skipped: 0, Time: 0.145s
SUMMARY: Total: 1 targets, Passed: 1, Failed: 0.

I can keep changing code and running "dotnet test" but that's tedious. I'll add dotnet watch as a tool in my Test project's project.json.

{
"version": "1.0.0-*",
"buildOptions": {
"debugType": "portable"
},
"dependencies": {
"System.Runtime.Serialization.Primitives": "4.1.1",
"xunit": "2.1.0",
"dotnet-test-xunit": "1.0.0-rc2-*"
},
"tools": {
"Microsoft.DotNet.Watcher.Tools": "1.0.0-preview2-final"
},
"testRunner": "xunit",
"frameworks": {
"netcoreapp1.0": {
"dependencies": {
"Microsoft.NETCore.App": {
"type": "platform",
"version": "1.0.1"
},
"SomeApp": "1.0.0-*"
},

"imports": [
"dotnet5.4",
"portable-net451+win8"
]
}
}
}

Then I'll go back and rather than typing  "dotnet test" I'll type "dotnet watch test."

c:\example> dotnet watch test
[DotNetWatcher] info: Running dotnet with the following arguments: test
[DotNetWatcher] info: dotnet process id: 14064
Project SomeApp (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) was previously compiled. Skipping compilation.
Project SomeTests (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) will be compiled because inputs were modified
Compiling SomeTests for .NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0
Compilation succeeded.
0 Warning(s)
0 Error(s)
Time elapsed 00:00:01.1479348

xUnit.net .NET CLI test runner (64-bit .NET Core win10-x64)
Discovering: SomeTests
Discovered: SomeTests
Starting: SomeTests
Finished: SomeTests
=== TEST EXECUTION SUMMARY ===
SomeTests Total: 2, Errors: 0, Failed: 0, Skipped: 0, Time: 0.146s
SUMMARY: Total: 1 targets, Passed: 1, Failed: 0.
[DotNetWatcher] info: dotnet exit code: 0
[DotNetWatcher] info: Waiting for a file to change before restarting dotnet...

Now if I make a change to either the Tests or the projects under test it will automatically recompile and run the tests!

[DotNetWatcher] info: File changed: c:\example\SomeApp\Program.cs
[DotNetWatcher] info: Running dotnet with the following arguments: test
[DotNetWatcher] info: dotnet process id: 5492
Project SomeApp (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) will be compiled because inputs were modified
Compiling SomeApp for .NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0

I'm able to do all of this with any text editor and a command prompt.

How do YOU test?


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About Scott

Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. He is a failed stand-up comic, a cornrower, and a book author.

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Free ASP.NET Core 1.0 Training on Microsoft Virtual Academy

October 27, '16 Comments [20] Posted in ASP.NET
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This time last year we did a Microsoft Virtual Academy class on what was then called "ASP.NET 5." It made sense to call it 5 since 5 > 4.6, right? But since then ASP.NET 5 has become .NET Core 1.0 and ASP.NET Core 1.0. It's 1.0 because it's smaller, newer, and different. As the .NET "full" framework marches on, on Windows, .NET Core is cross-platform and for the cloud.

Command line concepts like dnx, dnu, and dnvm have been unified into a single "dotnet" driver. You can download .NET Core at http://dot.net and along with http://code.visualstudio.com you can get a web site up and running in 10 minutes on Windows, Mac, or many flavors of Linux.

So, we've decided to update and refresh our Microsoft Virtual Academy. In fact, we've done three days of training. Introduction, Intermediate, and Cross-Platform. The introduction day is out and it's free! We'll be releasing the new two days of training very soon.

NOTE: There's a LOT of quality free courseware for learning .NET Core and ASP.NET Core. We've put the best at http://asp.net/free-courses and I encourage you to check them out!

Head over to Microsoft Virtual Academy and watch our new, free "Introduction to ASP.NET Core 1.0." It's a great relaxed pace if you've been out of the game for a bit, or you're a seasoned .NET "Full" developer who has avoided learning .NET Core thus far. If you don't know the C# language yet, check out our online C# tutorial first, then watch the video.

image

And help me out by adding a few stars there under Ratings. We're new. ;)


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About Scott

Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. He is a failed stand-up comic, a cornrower, and a book author.

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Exploring ServiceStack's simple and fast web services on .NET Core

October 23, '16 Comments [22] Posted in Open Source | Web Services
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Northwind - ServiceStack styleI've been doing .NET Open Source since the beginning. Trying to get patches into log4net was hard without things like GitHub and Twitter. We emailed .patch files around and hoped for the best. It was a good time.

There's been a lot of feelings around .NET Open Source over the last decade or so - some positive, some negative. There's been some shining lights though and I'm going to do a few blog posts to call them out. I think having .NET Core be cross platform and open source will be a boon for the .NET Community. However, the community needs to also help out by using non-Microsoft OSS, supporting it, doing PRs, helping with docs, giving talks on new tech and spreading the word.

While some OSS projects are purely volunteer projects, ServiceStack has found some balance with a per-developer pricing model. They also support free usage for small projects. They've got deep integration with all major IDEs and support everything from VS, Xcode, IntelliJ IDEA, and the commandline.

ServiceStack Logo

One major announcement in the least few days as been ServiceStack 4.5.2 on .NET Core! Effectively one year to the day from the feature request and they did it! Their announcement paragraph says it best, emphasis mine.

Whilst the development and tooling experience is still in a transitionary period we believe .NET Core puts .NET Web and Server App development on the cusp of an exciting future - the kind .NET hasn’t seen before. The existing Windows hosting and VS.NET restraints have been freed, now anyone can develop using .NET’s productive expertly-designed and statically-typed mainstream C#/F# languages in their preferred editor and host it on the most popular server Operating Systems, in either an all-Linux, all-Windows or mixed ecosystem. Not only does this flexibility increase the value of existing .NET investments but it also makes .NET appeal to the wider and highly productive developer ecosystem who’ve previously disregarded .NET as an option.

Many folks ran (and run) ServiceStack on Mono, but it's time to move forward. While Mono is still a fantastic stack on many platforms that .NET Core doesn't support, for mainstream Linux, .NET Core is likely the better choice.

If you’re currently running ServiceStack on Mono, we strongly recommend upgrading to .NET Core to take advantage of its superior performance, stability and its top-to-bottom supported Technology Stack.

I also want to call out ServiceStack's amazing Release Notes. Frankly, we could all learn from Release Note this good - Microsoft absolutely included. These release notes are the now Gold Standard as far as I'm concerned. Additionally, ServiceStack's Live Demos are unmatched.

Enough gushing. What IS ServiceStack? It's a different .NET way for creating web services. I say you should give it a hard look if you're making Web Services today. They say this:

Service Stack provides an alternate, cleaner POCO-driven way of creating web services.

  • Simplicity
  • Speed
  • Best Practices
  • Model-driven, code-first, friction-free development
  • No XML config, no code-gen, conventional defaults
  • Smart - Infers intelligence from strongly typed DTOs
  • .NET and Mono
  • Highly testable - services are completely decoupled from HTTP
  • Mature - over 5+ years of development
  • Commercially supported and Continually Improved
  • and most importantly - with AutoQuery you get instant queryable APIs. Take a look at what AutoQuery does for a basic Northwind sample.

They've plugged into .NET Core and ASP.NET Core exactly as it was design. They've got sophisticated middleware and fits in cleanly and feels natural. Even more, if you have existing ServiceStack code running on .NET 4.x, they've designed their "AppHost" such that moving over the .NET Core is extremely simple.

ServiceStack has the standard "Todo" application running in both .NET Full Framework and .NET Core. Here's two sites, both .NET and both ServiceStack, but look what's underneath them:

Getting Started with Service Stack

There's a million great demos as I mentioned above with source at https://github.com/NetCoreApps, but I love that ServiceStack has a Northwind Database demo here https://github.com/NetCoreApps/Northwind. It even includes a Dockerfile. Let's check it out. I was able to get it running in Docker in seconds.

>git clone https://github.com/NetCoreApps/Northwind
>cd Northwind
>docker build -t "northwindss/latest" .
>docker run northwindss/latest
Project Northwind.ServiceModel (.NETStandard,Version=v1.6) was previously compiled. Skipping compilation.
Project Northwind.ServiceInterface (.NETStandard,Version=v1.6) was previously compiled. Skipping compilation.
Project Northwind (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) was previously compiled. Skipping compilation.
Hosting environment: Production
Content root path: /app/Northwind
Now listening on: https://*:5000
Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.

Let's briefly look at the code, though. It is a great sample and showcases a couple cool features and also is nicely RESTful.

There's some cool techniques in here. It uses SqLITE for the database and the database itself is created with this Unit Test. Here's the ServiceStack AppHost (AppHost is their concept)

public class AppHost : AppHostBase
{
public AppHost() : base("Northwind Web Services", typeof(CustomersService).GetAssembly()) { }

public override void Configure(Container container)
{
container.Register<IDbConnectionFactory>(
new OrmLiteConnectionFactory(MapProjectPath("~/App_Data/Northwind.sqlite"), SqliteDialect.Provider));

//Use Redis Cache
//container.Register<ICacheClient>(new PooledRedisClientManager());

VCardFormat.Register(this);

Plugins.Add(new AutoQueryFeature { MaxLimit = 100 });
Plugins.Add(new AdminFeature());

Plugins.Add(new CorsFeature());
}
}

Note host the AppHost base references the Assembly that contains the CustomersService type. That's the assembly that is the ServiceInterface. There's a number of Services in there - CustomersService just happens to be a simple one:

public class CustomersService : Service
{
public object Get(Customers request) =>
new CustomersResponse { Customers = Db.Select<Customer>() };
}

The response for /customers is just the response and a list of Customers:

[DataContract]
[Route("/customers")]
public class Customers : IReturn<CustomersResponse> {}

[DataContract]
public class CustomersResponse : IHasResponseStatus
{
public CustomersResponse()
{
this.ResponseStatus = new ResponseStatus();
this.Customers = new List<Customer>();
}

[DataMember]
public List<Customer> Customers { get; set; }

[DataMember]
public ResponseStatus ResponseStatus { get; set; }
}

Customers has a lovely clean GET that you can see live here: http://northwind.netcore.io/customers. Compare its timestamp to the cached one at http://northwind.netcore.io/cached/customers.

[CacheResponse(Duration = 60 * 60, MaxAge = 30 * 60)]
public class CachedServices : Service
{
public object Get(CachedCustomers request) =>
Gateway.Send(new Customers());

public object Get(CachedCustomerDetails request) =>
Gateway.Send(new CustomerDetails { Id = request.Id });

public object Get(CachedOrders request) =>
Gateway.Send(new Orders { CustomerId = request.CustomerId, Page = request.Page });
}

You may find yourself looking at the source for the Northwind sample and wondering "where's the rest?" (no pun intended!) Turns out ServiceStack will do a LOT for you if you just let it!

The Northwind project is also an example of how much can be achieved with a minimal amount of effort and code. This entire website literally just consists of these three classes . Everything else seen here is automatically provided by ServiceStack using a code-first, convention-based approach. ServiceStack can infer a richer intelligence about your services to better able to provide more generic and re-usable functionality for free!

ServiceStack is an alternative to ASP.NET's Web API. It's a different perspective and a different architecture than what Microsoft provides out of the box. It's important and useful to explore other points of view when designing your systems. It's especially nice when the systems are so thoughtfully factored, well-documented and designed as ServiceStack. In fact, years ago I wrote their tagline: "Thoughtfully architected, obscenely fast, thoroughly enjoyable web services for all."

Have you used ServiceStack? Have you used other open source .NET Web Service/API frameworks? Share your experience in the comments!


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About Scott

Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. He is a failed stand-up comic, a cornrower, and a book author.

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Exploring Application Insights for disconnected or connected deep telemetry in ASP.NET Apps

October 19, '16 Comments [18] Posted in Azure
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Today on the ASP.NET Community Standup we learned about how you can use Application Insights in a disconnected scenario to get some cool - ahem - insights into your application.

Typically when someone sees Application Insights in the File | New Project dialog they assume it's a feature that only works in Azure, that will create some account for you and send your data to the cloud. While App Insights totally does do a lot of cool stuff when you have a cloud-hosted app and it does add a lot of value, it also supports a very useful "SDK only" mode that's totally offline.

Click "Add Application Insights to project" and then under "Send telemetry to" you click "Install SDK only" and no data gets sent to the cloud.

Application Insights dropdown - Install SDK only

Once you make your new project, can you learn more about AppInsights here.

For ASP.NET Core apps, Application Insights will include this package in your project.json - "Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.AspNetCore": "1.0.0" and it'll add itself into your middleware pipeline and register services in your Startup.cs. Remember, nothing is hidden in ASP.NET Core, so you can modify all this to your heart's content.

if (env.IsDevelopment())
{
// This will push telemetry data through Application Insights pipeline faster, allowing you to view results immediately.
builder.AddApplicationInsightsSettings(developerMode: true);
}

Request telemetry and Exception telemetry are added separately, as you like.

Make sure you show the Application Insights Toolbar by right-clicking your toolbars and ensuring it's checked.

Application Insights Dropdown Menu

The button it adds is actually pretty useful.

Application Insights Dropdown Menu

Run your app and click the Application Insights button.

NOTE: I'm using Visual Studio Community. That's the free version of VS you can get at http://visualstudio.com/free. I use it exclusively and I think it's pretty cool that this feature works just great on VS Community.

You'll see the Search window open up in VS. You can keep it running while you debug and it'll fill with Requests, Traces, Exceptions, etc.

image

I added a Exceptional case to /about, and here's what I see:

Searching for the last hours traces

I can dig into each issue, filter, search, and explore deeper:

Unhandled Exception

And once I've found something interesting, I can explore around it with the full details of the HTTP Request. I find the "telemetry 5 minutes before and after" query to be very powerful.

Track Operations

Notice where it says "dependencies for this operation?" That's not dependencies like "Dependency Injection" - that's larger system-wide dependencies like "my app depends on this web service."

You can custom instrument your application with the TrackDependancy API if you like, and that will cause your system's dependency to  light up in AppInsights charts and reports. Here's a dumb example as I pretend that putting data in ViewData is a dependency. It should be calling a WebAPI or a Database or something.

var telemetry = new TelemetryClient();

var success = false;
var startTime = DateTime.UtcNow;
var timer = System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch.StartNew();
try
{
ViewData["Message"] = "Your application description page.";
}
finally
{
timer.Stop();
telemetry.TrackDependency("ViewDataAsDependancy", "CallSomeStuff", startTime, timer.Elapsed, success);
}

Once I'm Tracking external Dependencies I can search for outliers, long durations, categorize them, and they'll affect the generated charts and graphs if/when you do connect your App Insights to the cloud. Here's what I see, after making this one code change. I could build this kind of stuff into all my external calls AND instrument the JavaScript as well. (note Client and Server in this chart.)

Application Insight Maps

And once it's all there, I can query all the insights like this:

Querying Data Live

To be clear, though, you don't have to host your app in the cloud. You can just send the telemetry to the cloud for analysis. Your existing on-premises IIS servers can run a "Status Monitor" app for instrumentation.

Application Insights Charts

There's a TON of good data here and it's REALLY easy to get started either:

  • Totally offline (no cloud) and just query within Visual Studio
  • Somewhat online - Host your app locally and send telemetry to the cloud
  • Totally online - Host your app and telemetry in the cloud

All in all, I am pretty impressed. There's SDKs for Java, Node, Docker, and ASP.NET - There's a LOT here. I'm going to dig deeper.


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About Scott

Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. He is a failed stand-up comic, a cornrower, and a book author.

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Learning Arduino the fun way - Writing Games with Arduboy

October 18, '16 Comments [3] Posted in Hardware | Open Source
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IMG_1666My kids and I are always tinkering with gadgets and electronics. If you follow me on Instagram you'll notice our adventures as we've built a small Raspberry Pi powered arcade, explored retro-tech, built tiny robots, 3D printed a GameBoy (PiGrrl, in fact), and lots more.

While we've done a bunch of small projects with Arduinos, it's fair to say that there's a bit of a gap when one is getting started with Arduino. Arduinos aren't like Raspberry PIs. They don't typically have a screen or boot to a desktop. They are amazing, to be sure, but not everyone lights up when faced with a breadboard and a bunch of wires.

The Arduboy is a tiny, inexpensive hardware development platform based on Arduino. It's like a GameBoy that has an Arduino at its heart. It comes exactly as you see in the picture to the right. It uses a micro-USB cable (included) and has buttons, a very bright black and white OLED screen, and a speaker. Be aware, it's SMALL. Smaller than a GameBoy. This is a game that will fit in an 8 year old's pocket. It's definitely-fun sized and kid-sized. I could fit a half-dozen in my pocket.

The quick start for the Arduboy is quite clear. My 8 year old and I were able to get Hello World running in about 10 minutes. Just follow the guide and be sure to paste in the custom Board Manager URL to enable support in the IDE for "Arduboy."

The Arduboy is just like any other Arduino in that it shows up as a COM port on your Windows machine. You use the same free Arduino IDE to program it, and you utilize the very convenient Arduboy libraries to access sound, draw on the screen, and interact with the buttons.

To be clear, I have no relationship with the Arduboy folks, I just think it's a killer product. You can order an Arduboy for US$49 directly from their website. It's available in 5 colors and has these specs:

Specs

  • Processor: ATmega32u4 (same as Arduino Leonardo & Micro)
  • Memory: 32KB Flash, 2.5KB RAM, 1KB EEPROM
  • Connectivity: USB 2.0 w/ built in HID profile
  • Inputs: 6 momentary tactile buttons
  • Outputs: 128x64 1Bit OLED, 2 Ch. Piezo Speaker & Blinky LED
  • Battery: 180 mAh Thin-Film Lithium Polymer
  • Programming: Arduino IDE, GCC & AVRDude

There's also a friendly little app called Arduboy Manager that connects to an online repository of nearly 50 games and quickly installs them. This proved easier for my 8 year old than downloading the source, compiling, and uploading each time he wanted to try a new game.

The best part about Arduboy is its growing community. There's dozens if not hundreds of people learning how to program and creating games. Even if you don't want to program one, the list of fun games is growing every day.

The games are all open source and you can read the code while you play them. As an example, there's a little game called CrazyKart and the author says it's their first game! The code is on GitHub. Just clone it (or download a zip file) and open the .ino file into your Arduino IDE.

Arduboys are easy to program

Compile and upload the app while the Arduboy is connected to your computer. The Arduboy holds just one game at a time. Here's Krazy Kart as a gif:

Because the Arduboy is so constrained, it's a nice foray into game development for little ones - or any one. The screen is just 128x64 and most games use sprites consisting of 1 bit (just black or white). The Arduboy library is, of course, also open source and includes the primitives that most games will need, as well as lots of examples. You can draw bitmaps, swap frames, draw shapes, and draw characters.

We've found the Arduboy to be an ideal on ramp for the kids to make little games and learn basic programming. It's a bonus that they can easily take their games with them and share with their friends.

Related Links


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About Scott

Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. He is a failed stand-up comic, a cornrower, and a book author.

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Disclaimer: The opinions expressed herein are my own personal opinions and do not represent my employer's view in any way.