SmallestDotNet: On the Size of the .NET Framework
There's been some confusion about the size of the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework is not really a 200+ meg download.
Which installer do I use?
Here's the whole thing in a nutshell for Developers, ISVs, and Administrators.
- Offline Installer - One single file that can be run offline and can install the .NET Framework any system it's run on. It's complete, all platforms, installable offline.
- Online Installer - A 2.7 meg setup program that will detect what just the files you need, then go download between 10 and 60 megs.
- NOTE: If you're IT and inside an office, you'll want to decide if you want everyone in the office downloading .NET separately, or if you just want download it once, and have them to run it off a network share. Check out the Deployment Guide for Administrators for ways to push it out via AD or SMS.
So how big is it the .NET Framework download, really?
It depends on what you've already got installed. Here's some examples of my results using an XP SP2 machine.
to get to 3.5SP1
|Time to Download
From a download perspective, those numbers aren't too bad. It's not nearly as bad as its been made out to be. I'm not saying this as a Microsoft apologist or paid Microsoft shill, I'm showing the numbers that I have seen in my testing. This is my opinion based on my testing.
However, as a free-micro-ISV myself, and the distributor of a .NET Client Application, namely BabySmash!, I'd like the download size to me as SMALL as possible. I've personally received the same emails many of you have - "I'd love to download your software but I don't want to download a 200 meg .NET Framework." I'd like to help change that perception to get more people to run BabySmash! and the best way to change negative perceptions is to improve reality. ;)
The best way to get a user with reasonable Internet connectivity up on the 3.5 SP1 .NET Framework is with the 2.7 Meg "bootstrapper." This will detect what they need and only download what they need. The worst-case scenario for a x86 machine is around 60 megs, as seen in the table above.
What's the "Client Profile?"
The Client Profile is an even smaller install option for .NET 3.5 SP1 on XP. It's small 277k bootstrapper. When it's run on a Windows XP SP2 machines with no .NET Framework installed, it will download a 28 meg payload and give you a client-specific subset of .NET 3.5. If the Client Profile bootstrapper is run on a machine with any version of .NET on it, it'll act the same as the 3.5 SP1 web installer and detect what it needs to download, then go get it. There's more details in the Client Profile Deployment Guide.
Ultimately, this will be the best and fastest possible way to get the .NET Framework, as it's smart on each platform. I'm going to move BabySmash to the Client Profile to get new XP customers up on .NET more than twice as fast with less than half the total download size.
The Client Profile Offline Installer (Preview) that Chris noticed was big was such because it is another example of an offline installer. It is the Client Profile Setup + the Full Installer mentioned before. Again, this particular download is totally for offline only scenarios. Unless you need a completely offline scenario, neither you nor your users need download it. The Client Profile Bootstrapper and its associated customization tools will be released soon.
Now, from an offline perspective, if you're on a CD/DVD if you want to make sure that any machine you come upon will be able to get up to .NET Framework 3.5, you'll want the super offline installer. However, you can and should modify that offline installer to make it as smaller as you need. If you only support x86, then only ship those bits. Aaron Stebner points out that you can :
Extract the contents of the full install package and selectively remove payload that is not needed or supported by the scenarios that the setup that requires it supports. I describe this option in a bit more detail in this blog post. At a high level, this option involves identifying supported OS's and processor architectures and then selectively removing prerequisite payload from the .NET Framework 3.5 install location for platforms that the setup carrying the .NET Framework 3.5 does not plan to support.
He's basically saying for administrators and IT folks should customize the .NET Framework installer to yank stuff you don't need. This kind of customization and more is going to be easier later in September when the .NET Client Profile Configurator is released, so watch for that.
Why is that one installer so big?
That giant .NET download is for one thing - It's meant for developers or administrators who might want to redistribute a a setup that contains not just the whole of the .NET Framework, but for all possible platforms. It has installers for x86, x64 and ia64. As mentioned above, you can customize it and make it smaller, shipping just what you need, based on your product's needs.
I've brought the total size up to bosses who care, as have many other smarter people and it's and making the installers even smaller, via separation, compression and other ideas are being actively looked at.
Over the next several months, machines with .NET 2.0 and up will start updating to the latest .NET 3.5SP1 using Windows Update. For ISVS (like me) this'll start to level versioning out so I'll know more about what's on the average user's machine. For example: If a machine already has .NET 3.5 on it, BabySmash is a small 1 meg download, which makes BabySmash, and me, look good.
Last night I made this website, SmallestDotNet.com to help out. It'll sniff your browser's UserAgent and tell you want version of .NET you have, how big the download would be to get you to .NET 3.5 and what .NET redistributable is best for you in order to minimize your download. As some newer online deployment options are released I'll update the site's sniffing to make sure that sizes and choices are is optimal.
It's not perfect, as it has only the UserAgent to base it's guess on. However, I've found it useful on BabySmash! and I hope you find it useful too.